메뉴 건너뛰기

민주주의법학연구회

민주법학

민주법연의 간행물인 민주법학의 원문을 보실 수 있습니다.
이 게시판은 RSS와 엮인글이 가능합니다.
로그인을 하시면 댓글을 쓰실 수 있습니다..
* 광고성 글은 바로 삭제되며, 민주주의법학연구회의 설립취지에 어긋나는 글은 삭제 또는 다른 게시판으로 이동될 수 있습니다.


공무원의 정치적 중립의무 비판 - 미국 공무원법제와의 비교법적 고찰 / 임재홍

[국문 주제어]

정치적 권리, 중립의무, 해치법


Critical Comment on Political Neutrality of the Public Officials
- Comparative Analysis with the Hatch Act in America -

Lim, Chae-Hong
Professor, Yeungnam Univ.

Members of the Korean Government Employee's Union(KGEU) announced their support for the Democratic Labor Party in the April 15 2004 general election at a press conference in Yoido, Seoul.
A controversy has erupted with the ongoing dispute over the political neutrality of government employees as unionized public servants on Tuesday announced their support for a political party advocating workers󰡑rights. The move by the KGEU conflicts with the Constitutional Court's decision that public servants should remain neutral in politics, as well as with government policy, and thus risks punitive measures being taken against them.
The arrest of the involved public officials came right after the Seoul Central District Court issued an arrest warrant for them, allegedly because they led the union's political engagement ahead of the April 15 elections. The arrest followed a government warning that public employees who were found to have been involved in illegal campaigning would be subject to stern punishment.
'The National Public Officials laws ban public workers from involving in political campaigns, but it doesn't necessarily mean that we can't express our political opinions,' KGEU said in a statement after an emergency meeting.
In a similar case, United States District Court stated, "when the strictures of the Hatch Act and the First Amendment seems to conflict it was the aim of the Congress that the Act be construed in favor of free expression", so "the statutory prohibition against taking an 'active part in political management or in political campaigns' encompasses only active participation in, on behalf of, or in connection with, the organized efforts of political parties, clubs, and candidates"(Blaylock v. Merit System Protection Board, 851 F.2d 1348(11th Cir. 1988) at 1354).
Also in Biller case, the court said, "Finding 'partisan activity' implicitly requires a nexus between the government employee and the effort to promote the political party or elect its candidate(Biller v. Merit System Protection Board, 863 F. 2d 1079(2d Cir. 1988) at 1090).
In October of 1993, legislation which substancially amended the Hatch Act was signed into law. the Hatch Act Amendsments of 1993 permit most federal employees to take an active part in partisan political management and partisan political campaigns. While federal employees are still prohibited from seeking public office in partisan election, most employees are free to work, while off duty, on the partisan campaigns of candidates of their choices.
For more than a half century the idea that public officials should not be involved in a partisan politics has been a fundermental civil service feature. This concept of neutrality was formalized in the Public Officials Acts and the National election Act. An underlying rationale for this idea is that efficiency in government service requires a lack of partisanship in administration.
In my opinion the public officials as private citizen enjoy political rights, therefore their participation in political management and political campaign should be guaranteed.


[Key Words]

Political right,  Political Neutrality, the Hatch Act

번호 제목 날짜 조회 수
공지 민주법학 자료실 예전 데이타 관련 2019.08.10 23
14 민주법학 제31호의 원문 파일과 제32호의 목차 및 요약문이 업로드되었습니다. 2006.12.31 16309
13 민주법학 제32호 표지 및 목차 (PDF) file 2006.12.31 16103
12 (권두언) 민주법학 제32호를 내면서 (PDF) file 2006.12.31 15225
11 (이상수) 군사안보․외교통상 정책에 대한 민주주의적 통제 - ‘인권적 민주주의’로의 도약 / 이상수 (PDF) file 2006.12.31 17598
10 (특집) 국방에 대한 민주주의적 통제 / 이계수 (PDF) file 2006.12.31 23602
9 (특집) 한미군사동맹의 유지체계와 구조에 관한 헌법적 논의 / 송기춘 (PDF) file 2006.12.31 19281
8 (특집) 일본의 기지재편과 반기지투쟁 / 이경주 (PDF) file 2006.12.31 10989
7 (특집) 한미FTA와 민주주의 - 주권문제를 중심으로 / 김종서 (PDF) file 2006.12.31 18196
6 (특집) 민주주의 관점에서 본 한미 FTA협상 과정의 문제점 / 오동석 (PDF) file 2006.12.31 20961
5 (일반) 법의 세계화 - 조약체결권과 국회동의권의 법적 성격을 중심으로 / 엄순영 (PDF) file 2006.12.31 48459
4 (일반) 기술적 보호조치와 공정이용에 관한 소고 - DMCA에 대한 검토를 중심으로 / 오길영 (PDF) file 2006.12.31 15000
» (일반) 공무원의 정치적 중립의무 비판 - 미국 공무원법제와의 비교법적 고찰 / 임재홍 (PDF) file 2006.12.31 29936
2 (전선) 민주주의, 노동조합의 조직원리 / 김기덕 (PDF) file 2006.12.31 16063
1 (강좌) 형법의 '책임' 개념에 대한 범죄학적 고찰 / 최정학 (PDF) file 2006.12.31 15851
위로